Nagahama CastleNagahama City, Shiga Prefecture

Nagahama Castle DATA
Other nameImahama Castle
castle construction1573
address10-10 Koencho, Nagahama City, Shiga Prefecture
telephone number0749-63-4611
Opening hours9:00-17:00 (Admission hours are until 16:30)
closing dayTemporary closures and rooms may be closed due to exhibition changes, etc.
Admission feeAdults 410 yen / Elementary and junior high school students 200 yen
Access to Nagahama Castle
7 minutes walk from Nagahama Station on the JR Hokuriku Main Line.

HISTORYNagahama Castle was called Hideyoshi's castle of success.

Nagahama Castle is a flat castle that existed in Nagahama City, Shiga Prefecture. This castle was built by Toyotomi Hideyoshi (Hashiba Hideyoshi), and is also called Hideyoshi's Castle of Success because it was built at the time when Hideyoshi was starting to climb the ladder of career advancement. Let's unravel the history of Nagahama Castle.

Construction of Nagahama Castle
The land of Nagahama passed from the Kyogoku clan to the Azai clan, and after Asai Nagamasa was defeated in the Battle of Odari Castle in 1573, Oda Nobunaga gave it to Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who had distinguished himself in the battle. . Toyotomi Hideyoshi was still calling himself ``Kinoshita Tokichiro'' at this time, but when he was given the land of Nagahama, he became a feudal lord who owned a castle for the first time. The Battle of Odani Castle, which marked the beginning of Toyotomi Hideyoshi's career, has been depicted many times in TV dramas and movies, including the episode in which Oda Nobunaga's younger sister, Ichi, and her three daughters were safely rescued from Azai Nagamasa. I am.
At that time, Nagahama was called ``Imahama,'' but Toyotomi Hideyoshi renamed it ``Nagahama,'' taking a character from Oda Nobunaga. There is a legend that when building Nagahama Castle, Toyotomi Hideyoshi used materials from Odari Castle and lumber donated by Asai Nagamasa to Hogonji Temple on Chikubu Island as restoration materials, but no accurate documentation remains. . However, after Toyotomi Hideyoshi's death, the Karamon gate from Osaka Castle was relocated to Hogonji Temple. Nagahama Castle was built so that ships could enter and exit directly from the water gate inside the castle. In addition, Nagahama Castle Town, which was created by transferring people directly from Otari Castle Town, was the first castle town built by Hideyoshi, and is said to be the place where he laid the foundations for becoming a ruler of Japan.
There is also a legend that when the castle was being built, two women named ``Okane'' and ``Okiku'' became human pillars. Okane's name remains in the name of the moat on the north side of the castle tower called ``Okanehori'', and the Inari shrine that enshrines his soul still remains. It is not uncommon for human pillars to be erected when building a castle. However, many of them have only legends that they were erected as human pillars, and their origins are not clear. It is a very rare case like Nagahama Castle, where the name of a human pillar has been passed down and the name of the moat remains.
Nagahama and Mitsunari Ishida
Nagahama is also the birthplace of Ishida Mitsunari, who is famous for fighting and losing against Tokugawa Ieyasu at the Battle of Sekigahara. Mitsunari Ishida was born to the daughter of a wealthy family that served the Asai clan and a vassal of the Asai clan, and is said to have spent her childhood at Ohara Kannonji Temple. There is an anecdote that when Toyotomi Hideyoshi was the lord of Nagahama Castle, he met Mitsunari Ishida while taking a rest at Ohara Kannonji Temple during a falconry trip, and, based on his cleverness, made him his vassal. The encounter between Ishida Mitsunari and Toyotomi Hideyoshi is famous for the "Sanken no Tea" episode, but if Hideyoshi had not been granted the land of Nagahama by Oda Nobunaga, their meeting might have turned out much differently. not.
Nagahama Castle after the Honnoji Incident
Toyotomi Hideyoshi set out to invade China in 1581, and Hidemasa Hori became the lord of Nagahama Castle on Nobunaga's orders. The following year, in 1582, the Honnoji Incident occurred, and Oda Nobunaga was defeated by Akechi Mitsuhide, and Nagahama Castle was occupied by a military commander named Sadayuki Akei, the lord of Yamamotoyama Castle. He was in cahoots with Mitsuhide Akechi, and Toyotomi Hideyoshi's wife, wife, and associates fled for their lives to nearby temples. Later, the Akei clan was defeated by Hideyoshi's army, which returned from the Chugoku region, and the entire clan was destroyed.
After that, Katsutoyo, nephew of Katsuie Shibata, became the lord of Nagahama Castle. However, when Katsuie Shibata and Hideyoshi Toyotomi came into conflict, Katsutoyo was eventually attacked by Hideyoshi Toyotomi and surrendered. Katsuie Shibata was defeated by Hideyoshi Toyotomi at the Battle of Shizugatake and committed suicide along with his wife Ichi.
After the Battle of Shizugatake, Nagahama Castle was ruled by Kazutoyo Yamauchi, Nobunari Naito, and Nobumasa. Kazutoyo Yamauchi is a military commander whose wife is more famous than himself, but he also rose through the ranks as a senior vassal of Hideyoshi. When he was the castle's lord, Nagahama Castle was completely destroyed by the Great Tensho Earthquake in 1585. At this time, one of the children was killed and part of the castle was submerged in Lake Biwa. These remains remain today as the Nagahama Castle Ruins and Nishihama Sengen Ruins.
After the Battle of Sekigahara in 1606, Nagahama Castle was visited by the last lords of the castle, Nobunari Naito and Nobumasa, but in 1615 after the Battle of Osaka, they moved to Takatsuki, Settsu Province (present day). Takatsuki City, Osaka Prefecture), and Nagahama Castle became an abandoned castle. In addition, many of the materials from Nagahama Castle have been relocated to Hikone Castle. It is also said that the kitchen gate of Daitsuji Temple in Nagahama City was relocated from the Otemon Gate of Nagahama Castle.
Current Nagahama Castle
In 1983, the reconstructed castle tower of Nagahama Castle was built at its current location, modeled after Fushimi Castle and Momoyama Castle. Inside is the Nagahama History Museum. The castle ruins have been maintained as Yutaka Park, and stone walls were built using stones left over from the main castle ruins, and the park road has been turned into one. Additionally, on the shore of Lake Biwa, there are traces of a well called Taikoi, which is said to have been dug by Hideyoshi, and when the water level of Lake Biwa drops, you can get closer to the site.
Nagahama Castle was the first castle to be owned by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, one of the three great heroes of the Sengoku period. It often appears in movies and dramas. Although the castle was abandoned in the early Edo period, you can still see traces of those days in the castle town of Nagahama.

Read about incidents related to Nagahama Castle

Battle of AnegawaAngry Nobunaga attacks Asai and Asakura!
On June 28, 1570, the Oda/Tokugawa army and the Azai/Asakura army clashed at Anegawa in Asai District, Omi Province (Nagahama City, Shiga Prefecture) in the Battle of Anegawa. While Oda Nobunaga was conquering Asakura Yoshikage at the Battle of Kanegasaki, Asai Nagamasa betrayed him.
Battle of Anegawa
Battle of ShizugatakeToyotomi Hideyoshi defeats Shibata Katsuie to take over the nation!
In April 1583, Toyotomi Hideyoshi and Shibata Katsuie clashed near Shizugatake in Ika District, Omi Province (Nagahama City, Shiga Prefecture). This was a battle called the "Battle of Shizugatake." This is the final battle between Hideyoshi and Katsuie, and the first step in Hideyoshi's takeover of the country.
Battle of Shizugatake
Tensho EarthquakeThe great disaster that caused Hideyoshi to give up on subjugating Ieyasu
In Japan, an earthquake-prone country, large earthquakes have disrupted people's destinies since ancient times. One such earthquake was the Tensho Earthquake, which hit the center of Japan on November 29, 1586 (January 18, 1586). Hide Toyotomi was struck by a huge earthquake with a magnitude of 8.
Tensho Earthquake

Read biographies of people related to Nagahama Castle

Toyotomi HideyoshiThe most successful person in the Sengoku period
The late Muromachi period was a time when the world was in turmoil and was called the Warring States period. During the Sengoku period, there was a hero, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who rose from the dead and unified the country. Hideyoshi served Oda Nobunaga, distinguished himself from small items that could not be called samurai, and became an influential member of the Oda family.
Toyotomi Hideyoshi
Mitsunari IshidaA military commander who was an excellent bureaucrat and loyal vassal of Hideyoshi.
After Oda Nobunaga, one of the three great heroes of the Sengoku period, was defeated in the Honnoji Incident, it was Toyotomi Hideyoshi who unified the country. Ishida Mitsunari served as one of the five magistrates under Hideyoshi and supported him. After Hideyoshi's death, Mori Teru came to defeat Tokugawa Ieyasu, who was aiming to take over the country.
Mitsunari Ishida
Kazutoyo YamauchiAdvancement in the Sengoku period and the merits of Naisuke
The era of warring states. There was a daimyo who served Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and Tokugawa Ieyasu, and whose territory included Kochi Prefecture. This is Kazutoyo Yamauchi. Kazutoyo's father opposed Oda Nobunaga in Owari Province and was destroyed. After wandering, Kazutoyo served the Oda family and survived the Sengoku period.
Kazutoyo Yamauchi
OmandokoroMother of Emperor Toyotomi Hideyoshi
The late Muromachi period was also called the Sengoku period, which was compared to the history of China. Toyotomi Hideyoshi rose through the ranks in the Oda family from a small shop to unifying the country. Hideyoshi rose from a lowly position in Owari Province to serve the Oda family. This Hideyoshi

History of the Nagahama domain, whose domain is Nagahama Castle

Nagahama domainIt was built solely to monitor the Toyotomi family.
The Nagahama domain was a domain that existed for only a few years, with Nagahama Castle, built by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, serving as the domain office. It was built to monitor the Toyotomi family after Toyotomi Hideyoshi passed away. I will explain what kind of domain the Nagahama domain was, which lasted for only one generation.
Nagahama domain
Nagahama domain DATA
Domain officeNagahama Castle
old areaNagahama, Sakata District, Omi Province
stone height40,000 koku
main lordNaito family

The Nagahama domain was a domain that existed in Nagahama, Sakata District, Omi Province. The domain office was located at Nagahama Castle.

Japanese Castle Photo Contest.03