Kodaiin (Kitamandokoro/Nene) (2/2)A wife who supported the nation's naked people

Kodaiin (Kitamandokoro/Nene)

Kodaiin (Kitamandokoro/Nene)

Article category
biography
name
Kodaiin (Kitamandokoro/Nene) (1549-1624)
place of birth
Aichi prefecture
Related castles
Osaka Castle

Osaka Castle

However, in the Toyotomi family, a conflict between the military faction and the literary faction came to the fore. The Mudan faction attacked the mansion of Ishida Mitsunari, the leader of the Bunchi faction, and Mitsunari took refuge in the mansion of Tokugawa Ieyasu, one of the Five Elders. Ieyasu received arbitration from Kodaiin, and it is believed that Ieyasu appreciated Kodaiin's neutral attitude.

In September 1599, Kodaiin moved out of Osaka Castle where he was living. Jurakudai was disbanded after the fall of Toyotomi Hidetsugu (a nephew of Toyotomi Hideyoshi and a person known as Regent Kanpaku). Kodaiin began living in Kyoto Shinjo, which was built after Jurakudai. Kodai-in was attended by Kozosu (a daughter of Katsushige Kawazoe, a vassal of the Gamo clan, who had been serving Toyotomi Hideyoshi since he became Kanpaku), written by Kanesuke, an maidservant.

Kinoshita Iesada and Kobayakawa Hideaki

In 1600, the Battle of Sekigahara was fought between Tokugawa Ieyasu and Ishida Mitsunari.
Kodaiin was in Shinjo, Kyoto, but the situation was so tense that his older brother Iesada Kinoshita rushed to protect him immediately after the Battle of Sekigahara. It seems that Kodai-in was so confused right after the battle that they eventually rushed to the mansion of Emperor Goyozei's biological mother, empress Haruko Kanshuji.

Now, Kinoshita Iesada, the older brother, rushes to his younger sister Kodaiin's crisis. Although he was born as the eldest son of Sadatoshi Sugihara, he later served Toyotomi Hideyoshi. (At one time, Sadakaya Kinoshita was given the surname ``Hashiba'' and used the surname, but during the Edo period, he was forbidden to use the surname Hashiba and changed to the surname Kinoshita.) ). The fifth son of Sadaie Kinoshita was Hideaki Kobayakawa, whose fate depended on the Battle of Sekigahara. Hideaki is Kodaiin's nephew.

Hideaki Kobayakawa was born as the son of Sadaie Kinoshita, but was adopted by Takakage Kobayakawa (the third son of Motonari Mori) and took over the Kobayakawa family. As a boy, Hideaki was an excellent boy, showing talent in performing arts such as kemari and dancing, and giving alms to the poor. However, as he grows up, he learns to drink and spends his days drinking away with his friends. Furthermore, he began to live a lavish lifestyle, such as borrowing 500 ryo from Kodaiin, which caused trouble to Kodaiin. At the beginning of the Battle of Sekigahara, Hideaki was with Ishida Mitsunari's western army, but towards the end of the main battle, he betrayed Tokugawa Ieyasu's eastern army and played a role in deciding the outcome. After the war, his territory was increased by the Tokugawa family, but he became addicted to alcohol and died in 1602 at the age of 21. Since there were no children, the Kobayakawa family died out.

Kinoshita Sadaie, Kodaiin's older brother. Hideaki Kobayakawa passed away at an early age, but his second son Toshifusa and third son Nobutoshi remained as daimyo until the Meiji period. It was one of the few remaining daimyo families among the Toyotomi family.

The end of the Toyotomi family

In 1603, Kodai-in decided to decompress the temple, thinking that the death of his adoptive mother Shichikaku-dono (his aunt, Asano Nagakatsu's wife) and the marriage of Toyotomi Hideyori and Senhime (Tokugawa Hidetada's eldest daughter) was over. At the time of the decoration, Emperor Goyozei gave him the name of In, and he called it Kodaiin Kaiyoshinni (later changed to Kodaiin Kogetsushinni).

In 1605, he built Kodaiji Temple in Higashiyama, Kyoto to enshrine his mother (Asahiden, Sugihara Sadatoshi) and Toyotomi Hideyoshi. He set up a mansion in front of the gates of Kodaiji Temple.

However, a conflict between the Toyotomi family and the Tokugawa family became inevitable at the Osaka Siege. In order to prevent Kodaiin from entering the Toyotomi family's Osaka Castle, the Tokugawa family assigned Toshifusa Kinoshita, Kodaiin's nephew (the second son of his older brother Sadie Kinoshita), to guard and monitor the castle. In 1615, the Toyotomi family, founded with Toyotomi Hideyoshi, was destroyed by the Battle of Osaka.

Even after the fall of the Toyotomi family, Kodai-in continued to exist. At a time when the Toyotomi family and the Tokugawa family were still in conflict, Hidetada Tokugawa was transferred from the Tokugawa family to the Toyotomi family in Osaka Castle as a hostage. At this time, Kodaiin took care of Hidetada, so the relationship between Kodaiin and Hidetada, the shogun, was particularly good. It is said that Hidetada Tokugawa visited Kodaiin every time he went to Kyoto from Edo. He also had active interactions with court nobles, and spent the rest of his life in Higashiyama, Kyoto.

Kodaiin, who together with her husband built the Toyotomi family that took over the country. After witnessing the fall of the Toyotomi family, he passed away at the Kodaiin mansion in 1624 at the age of 76. His remains were enshrined at Kodaiji Temple, and a grave was also established there.

Kodaiji Temple

Kodaiji is a temple of the Kenninji sect of the Rinzai sect located in Higashiyama Ward, Kyoto City. The name of the temple comes from Kodaiin, the name given to it by the imperial court at the time of the fall of Kitamandokoro. The place where Kodai-ji Temple is located was originally Kumo-ji Temple, but it was destroyed by fire during the Onin War. Kodai-in received support from Tokugawa Ieyasu and built Kodai-ji on the site. Kodai-ji Temple is also called the ``Temple of Makie'' because Momoyama-style maki-e was used to decorate the interior of the mausoleum (Otamaya), and it also has a large number of makie furniture from the Kodai-in collection.

However, in the 11th year of Keicho (1606), Kodai-ji Temple was completed under the leadership of Yoshiaki Kyumi, a member of the Soto sect of Buddhism. In July of the first year of Kan'ei (1624), Sanko Shoyuki from Kenninji Temple of the Rinzai sect was invited to Chuko Kaizan, and he converted from the Soto sect to the Rinzai sect. It is said that this conversion is also related to the fact that Shunan Shoshu, the eighth son of Kodaiin's elder brother Kinoshita Iesada, became a priest under Sane Shoyuki.

Kodaiji was also the scene of a battle at the end of the Edo period. After Ito Koshitaro left the Shinsengumi, he entered Gesshin-in, the sub-temple of Kodai-ji Temple, and made it the headquarters of Ito Koshitaro's sect, the Goryo Guards. Even now, there is a monument marking the site of the Goryo Guards Station next to Kodaiji Temple.

The path in front of the Kodaiji gate is also known as the ``Nene no Michi'' and is said to be the Higashiyama Sando (three paths) that connects Maruyama Park to Chion-in and Yasaka Shrine, along with the Wisdom Path and Shinkomichi. .

Reread the article on Kodaiin (Kitamandokoro/Nene)

Tomoyo Hazuki
Writer(Writer)I have loved history and geography since my student days, and have enjoyed visiting historical sites, temples and shrines, and researching ancient documents. He is especially strong in medieval Japanese history and European history in world history, and has read a wide range of things, including primary sources and historical entertainment novels. There are so many favorite military commanders and castles that I can't name them, but I especially like Hisashi Matsunaga and Mitsuhide Akechi, and when it comes to castles, I like Hikone Castle and Fushimi Castle. Once you start talking about the lives of warlords and the history of castles, there's a side of you that can't stop talking about them.
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